Installing the Docker Engine on Ubuntu

Warning: when using Ubuntu, for the tutorials, it is not recommended to run apt get install docker directly to install Docker

This is because the default Docker package associated with Ubuntu can be outdated and will install an obsolete Docker version leading to issues with docker and docker-compose versions. Check you are using Docker version 24.0.x or higher and Docker Compose 2.29.x or higher and upgrade if necessary.

Further details can be found under:

Install using the repository

Before you install Docker Engine for the first time on a new host machine, you need to set up the Docker repository. Afterward, you can install and update Docker from the repository.

  • Set up the repository: Update the apt package index and install packages to allow apt to use a repository over HTTPS:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ca-certificates curl gnupg lsb-release
  • Add Docker’s official GPG key:
sudo mkdir -p /etc/apt/keyrings
curl -fsSL | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /etc/apt/keyrings/docker.gpg
  • Use the following command to set up the repository:
echo \
"deb [arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture) signed-by=/etc/apt/keyrings/docker.gpg] \
$(lsb_release -cs) stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null
  • Install Docker Engine Update the apt package index:
sudo apt-get update
  • Install latest Docker Engine, containerd, and Docker Compose:
sudo apt-get install docker-ce docker-ce-cli docker-compose-plugin

Docker Compose is a tool for defining and running multi-container Docker applications. A series of *.yaml files are used configure the required services for the application. This means all container services can be brought up in a single command.

You can check your current Docker and Docker Compose versions using the following commands:

docker version
docker compose version

Important In recent versions, docker-compose is already included as part of of the main docker client, Please ensure that you are using Docker version 24.0.4 or higher and Docker Compose 2.29.1 or higher and upgrade if necessary. If you are unable to upgrade and stuck using an older version you can still run the tutorials by adding a legacy parameter at the end the ./services script commands e.g. services start legacy

If using a Linux distro with an outdated docker-compose, the files can be installed directly as shown:

sudo curl -L "$(uname -s)-$(uname -m)" -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose

If you are using docker-compose in Ubuntu with VMWare and faced the following error: ERROR: Couldn't connect to Docker daemon at http+docker://localunixsocket - is it running?

It can be solved by owning the /var/run/docker.sock Unix socket as shown:

sudo chown $USER /var/run/docker.sock